How to Start a Farming Business in Ghana (And Succeed!)

How to Start a Farming Business in Ghana. There are lots of articles on How to start a Farming Business in Ghana but we are going to give you all the Secret information you don’t get on other websites that will make you actually Succeed.

This should be a reason why you share this page with a friend or a Colleague in the Industry.

An Introduction to Farming in Ghana

Agriculture in Ghana consists of a variety of agricultural products and is an established economic sector, and provides employment on a formal and informal basis. Ghana produces a variety of crops in various climatic zones which range from dry savanna to wet forest and which run in east-west bands across Ghana.

Agricultural crops, including yams, grains, cocoa, oil palms, kola nuts, and timber, form the base of agriculture in Ghana’s economy. In 2013 agriculture employed 53.6% of the total labour force in Ghana.

The Ghanaian Climate

Ghana has a tropical climate. Warm and comparatively dry in the eastern coastal belt, hot and humid in the southwest corner of Ghana, and hot and dry in the north. Ghana has a mild climate due to its location on the Gulf of Guinea, just a few degrees north of the Equator.

The Ghanaian Landscape

The country’s topography is characterized by low-lying plains, with a forested plateau region in the south-central and southwestern regions containing the Ashanti uplands and Kwahu Plateau, Ghana’s highest populated area.

The Different Crops One Can Grow

These are the List of Crops that easily grow in Ghana. They include maizeplantaincassavayam, cocoyam, cotton, tobacco, groundnut, tomato, pepper, eggplant, cowpea and beans. The Coastal Savannah forms 7% of the land area of Ghana.

The Ghanaian Food Industry

The Ghanaian food industry encompasses a wide range of manufacturing activities such as food production, distribution, refining, conversion, preparation, preservation, transportation, certification, and packaging.

Business Basics in Ghana

1. Marketing. Your ability to determine and sell the right product to the right customer at the right time

2. Finance. Your ability to acquire the money you need and account for the money you receive

3. Production. Your ability to produce products and services at a high enough level of quality and consistency over time

4. Distribution. Your ability to get your product or service to the market in a timely and economic fashion

5. Research and development. Your ability to continually innovate and produce new products, services, processes and responses to your competition

6. Regulation. Your ability to deal with the requirements of government legislation at all levels

Land Requirements for farming in Ghana

You need fertile land to be able to start a successful farming business in Ghana because it helps crops grow fresh and Organic. You can acquire or rent land in Ghana to start farming. Make sure the land has a water source around if you want to plant all year round. Western, Southern and Northern Parts of Ghana has the best lands for Farming.

Starting Costs of farming in Ghana

The cost of starting a farm varies depending on what kind of farming a farmer wants to do. For example, in Ghana, poultry and livestock farming, as well as vegetable farming, the first cycle for 500 broiler chickens could cost as much as 10,000 GHS, with the cost expected to decrease in subsequent cycles. It costs about 55,000 GHS for layers.

The Importance of Farm Marketing in Ghana

Agricultural marketing in Ghana plays an important role not only in stimulating production and consumption but in accelerating the pace of economic development. The agriculture marketing system plays a dual role in economic development in countries whose resources are primarily agricultural.

Key Tips To Get You Started

1. Cut your Losses as soon as you identify Problems, this will help your return to normalcy and you would not lose more money than you can recover. 

2. Start small but big. To be successful you need to do more than what you currently have done. So even if it is small start by growing some crops or rearing Livestock and begin to get some plantain, plantain chips and other fruits. Once you have 3 or more of those start working on your dream farm.

3. Identify the market opportunity There are several niches to be tapped into such as exporting to Holland or exporting to other countries. 

4. Learn from your mistakes because it the only great teacher. 

5. Borrow pieces of equipment before you actually make a decision on purchasing them. 

6. Contact your Friends and Family to Support you. 

7. Find your Market before you begin.

The Importance Of The Right Permits

You should get a permit from the District Assembly or any ministry you have a requirement with. The major difference between having a permit from the District Assembly and having it from the Ministry is that they differ in terms of what is expected of the respective officials. Think about it like this; You must be able to show your clients a permit for your farming business.

For example, if you want to work with pigs, you must have a permit from the District Assembly that states that your farms are in the pig farming area. You must give you a business licence and other things. Ministry Of Agriculture – farms for personal use are not part of their jurisdiction, so you can farm without a permit from them.


When you have this, you will be blessed with a whole lot of people that are willing to help you and when they see that you are a farmer, they will help you even more. We can even get some experts to work on it for you and after that, we will get some highly qualified farmers to teach you what you will need to know. What So What are you waiting for, here are the steps to follow to get you started?

1. Find farmland You need a place that is not been used for a long time and there is a good source of water. When you Purchase or Rent farmland with a good source of water, it will help you to become successful with your farming business. How to Start a Farming Business in Ghana (And Succeed!).

Originally posted 2021-08-17 13:09:14.

Pharm. Samuel Amadotor

Samuel Amadotor is an HND holder in Pharmacy, an expert in the field of natural health, fitness, functional movement and nutrition. He is passionate about helping people increase their performance in all areas of life Using food as medicine.

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